Sunday, February 21, 2010

The Unity of Purpose

by Armand Cabrera

A well conceived painting is the orchestration of many things. There must be a unity of the elements beyond the depiction of the idea for its success.
To help do this I recommend always using a unified approach. If you work outside, then finish your paintings outside. If you work in the studio, complete your paintings in the studio. The amount of time spent on the painting isn’t important; some paintings do not lend themselves to a quick alla prima approach. If you need to return to a spot to finish your work outside then do so. The approach you take isn’t as important as not mixing approaches.

You can never match the effect of outdoor light inside. There is nothing wrong with studio work; I paint in my studio all the time from photos and studies. My studio work has the same unity as my outdoor work because of the fidelity towards unity of implementation. If I need to correct a field painting in the studio I will set up a new canvas and paint it from the beginning. Whenever you preserve the unity of process your paintings will be stronger for it. I believe anything that fractures the process of painting diminishes the quality of the finished work.

After a unified approach, keeping consistency between the various elements is vital. There are many skills that go into the successful completion of a work of art. These skills must stay in constant harmony throughout. You cannot separate process from outcome. Outcome is the direct result of process and the ensemble of abilities you need for painting must compliment, not compete with each other.


Great paintings are not just a good concept; they are also a good performance. The ability to handle your materials effectively and the knowledge required for their use in service of the idea are as important as the idea itself. This is what is meant by the unity of a painting and this is what ultimately elevates it beyond the mediocre.

4 comments:

Richard Piloco said...

Nicely said.

Frank P. Ordaz said...

hey Armand,

I think in theory you are right.

I also believe with years and hundreds if not thousands of pieces in your quiver that an artist can go back in the studio "and touch up" an area. I am referring to 5% of the image .

But you are spot on that there is an energy level that is a direct response to the landscape you are painting in front of you.It has a charm and sincerity...it is after all how you solved and captured the colors and drawing on the fly.

billspaintingmn said...

Very incouraging to read this.

ARMAND CABRERA said...

Thanks for the comments everyone.
Frank, I agree, veteran painters can touch up but it is very hard, even for a pro to match outdoor colors inside.

We're travelling, teaching a workshop in Florida so this post is from the hotel room. Will post some demo pictures later.